Candide (1956)

Book: Lillian Hellman (principal revised versions: Hugh Wheeler; John Wells’s adaptation from Wheeler’s version)
Lyrics: Richard Wilbur, John LaTouche, Leonard Bernstein, Dorothy Parker, Lillian Hellman (additional lyrics contributed by Stephen Sondheim for the Hugh Wheeler version)
Music: Leonard Bernstein

Recordings:

Leonard Bernstein, Richard Wilbur, John LaTouche, and Lillian Hellman. Candide. CBS Records Masterworks MK 38732, 1987. (CD of original cast recording Columbia Masterworks OL 5180, 1957, as remastered for stereo enhancement as OS 5180, 1963; subsequently remastered and released as Sony Broadway SK 48017, 1991; with Max Adrian, Robert Rounseville, and Barbara Cook)

Leonard Bernstein, Richard Wilbur, John LaTouche, and Stephen Sondheim. Candide. Columbia S2X 32923 and Q2S 32923, 1974. (cast album for 1974 Broadway version, with Lewis J. Stadlen, Mark Baker, and Maureen Brennan)

Leonard Bernstein, Richard Wilbur, John LaTouche, and Stephen Sondheim. Candide. New World NW 340/341 (CD version: NW 340/341-2), 1986. (New York City Opera version [first presented 1982], conducted by John Mauceri, with John Lankston, David Eisler, and Erie Mills)

Leonard Bernstein, Richard Wilbur, John LaTouche, Lillian Hellman, Dorothy Parker, John Wells, and Stephen Sondheim. Candide. Deutsche Grammophon 429 734-2, 429 735-2, and 429 736-2, 1991. (“final revised version, 1989”; same as Scottish Opera version; conducted by Leonard Bernstein, with Jerry Hadley, June Anderson, Adolph Green, Christa Ludwig, Nicolai Gedda, Della Jones, Kurt Ollmann, and Clive Bayley)

Videorecordings:

Candide. 1986. Directed by Harold Prince. John Lankston, David Eisler, and Erie Mills. (New York City Opera version [first presented 1982], filmed for television)

Candide. 1989. Directed by Humphrey Burton. Commentary by Leonard Bernstein. Jerry Hadley, June Anderson, Adolph Green, Christa Ludwig, Nicolai Gedda, Della Jones, Kurt Ollmann, and Clive Bayley. (concert performance of 1989 opera version, filmed for television)

Candide. 2004. Directed by Lonny Price. Paul Groves, Kristin Chenoweth, Patti Lupone, Sir Thomas Allen, Jeff Blumenkrantz. (concert performance with the New York Philharmonic, conducted by Marin Alsop, filmed for television)